How To Sight In A Bow – Guide And Tips
Archery is a popular sport among hunters and regular enthusiasts who love to practice their shooting skills on a range. The quandary is that working with a bow to hit a target is not exactly your morning cup of coffee. You can’t just point the weapon in the general direction of your target and expect to hit it. The good news is that you can increase your chances of hitting the target by learning how to sight in a bow. Sighting in a bow allows you to counter hindrances such as the pull of gravity with increase in distance and disturbances that may occur when releasing the arrow.
What You Need To Sight In A Bow
- Allan key set.
- Yard measure or Range finder.
- Range (preferably fifty yards).
- Archery target (We recommend this one).
- Compound bow (set at the right nocking point and draw length).
- Bow sight.
- Peep sight.
Choosing The Right Sight
Bow sights come in several different styles. If cost is your main concern you may want to go for a more affordable sight. While many compound bows include a bow sight when purchasing, you can usually get a reasonably priced sight with more bells and whistles. The simplest sights are normally equipped with an array of pins with different colors, which represent the distance of the desired target. The pins are independent meaning that you can adjust a single pin without interfering with the rest. It is up to you to determine the settings you want for the yardage/distance which are almost always up to 3 or 4 distances.
There will be a bracket in the sight package for mounting onto your bow. The mounting process should be relatively easy as it only requires a few screws to fasten your equipment together. However, be sure to verify that the sight you choose can work for both right and left handed archers. Common sights on the market today include the pendulum sight, fixed pin sight, and adjustable pins sight.
When it comes to installation mounting brackets fall into two major categories: fixed and dovetail with the benefits of the fixed sight (in terms of permanency) far outweighing those of the adjustable dovetails.
Installing The Bow Sight Correctly
The sight is the part of your bow connected to the riser. There should be a few predrilled holes on your bow for attaching the sight. The sight, on the other hand, should come with attachments for mounting the equipment onto the bow. Be vigilant when installing the sight to avoid over tightening the screws which can potentially damage the bow.
The pins should line up vertically with your bowstring while the sight should be positioned at a right angle to the bow. Leave the sight for at least twenty-four hours to settle before trying to make any adjustments. Afterwards, check to see if the piece needs any more tightening.
Setting The Pins
Use an Allen wrench to set all the pins of your sight to mid-point. This will give you a great deal of flexibility when it comes to adjusting your sight. When you are ready establish your target and mark four distances at ten-yard increments: 10-20-30-and-40 respectively. If necessary, use a range finder to improve the accuracy of the distances. Find a stable target for the multiple shots you will be taking when practicing with your sighted bow.
To sight in the bow stand in a perpendicular direction to your target at the ten-yard mark and then load a practice arrow into your bow. Pull the bow backward to the full draw and then glance down at the uppermost pin of the bow sight. Let go of the arrow and check your target. Do these a few more times observing where the arrows are landing on the surface of your target.
Use this information to determine how to tweak the sight. If the arrows hit just above the area of the pin’s sight move the sight box up on the bow and vice versa. Once you’re done with the 10-yard mark, shift to the twenty-yard mark and repeat the process again this time concentrating on the 2nd pin down from the top of your sight. Do the same in the 3rd and 4th pins of your sight.
Learning how to correctly sight in a bow takes practice. You will want to dedicate the first few days after to learning until you get the hang of it. After a few days of practice your accuracy should improve with every shot you take. You will be able to compensate for any disturbances that may be caused by a shift in stance, fatigue, and human error in general.
Before you sight in the arrow, ensure that the arrows have the same length and weight. You also want your hunting tips and practice tips to balance each other. The weight is represented in grains. The best performance calls for 80:100 grain.
There are some instances where you may need to fine-tune your bow to ensure accuracy. You can do this by simply shooting an arrow towards a paper target. For accurate results, make sure you are standing six feet away from your target when firing the arrow. If the rips are uneven (or longer), you need some more practice. However, if the arrow leaves a shaft-like hole with small tears the size of the fletching then you have sighted the bow correctly.